- APPLIED ARTS: | Theatre |
The applied art of Uzbekistan is a real cultural and historical
phenomenon. It is well known because of Uzbek traditions.
beautiful architectural ensembles of Bukhara, Samarkand, Khiva, Tashkent and Ferghana
are famous for their pieces of applied arts. The attractive pieces are created
by masters of wood-carving, chasing, lacquered miniatures, embroidery and jewelry
plus all arts of Uzbekistan.
the applied arts are not only the ancient art introduced by museums. The local
population admired superb production as in the 20th century many walls of the
houses were decorated with embroideries, carpets, ceramics and carvings. Traditionally,
embroidered carpets were of dark color.
Tashkent and Ferghana valley craftsmen are popular with their products of small
tables, chairs, boxes, doors, and different souvenirs. Therefore, while in Uzbekistan,
you will have a choice not only to buy souvenirs and gifts but also to savor the
wonderment of Uzbek culture and heritage.
Folk decorative Applied-Arts
origins of Uzbek folk art are hidden in the depths of history. Numerous archeological
excavations in rural areas have revealed new aspects of this ancient land and
its culture. Uzbek applied arts have a large diversity when it comes to style,
materials and ornamentation. Ceramic, silk and cotton weaving, stone and wood
carving, metal engraving, leather stamping, calligraphy and miniature painting
are a few genres passed down from old times. In the past, each religion had its
own cultural and ethnic traditions; these unique features were established by
local craftsmen who consolidated these characteristics through their arts.
Uzbek Ceramics is very diverse in its color and design.
It is also original in terms of shape. The most famous centers for ceramics are
Rishtan and Gurumsay in Ferghana valley and Khorezm. They are renowned for their
glazed white and blue ceramics. Another type of Uzbek craft typical for Samarkand
is the art of making crockery, smoking pipes (chilim) and snuffboxes (noskadi).
craftsmen of today still practice ancient jewelry making techniques for cutting
gemstones, grain filigree, granular work, engraving, embossing, chasing and enameling.
Modern jewelers not only uphold traditions, but also they take fashion demands
and styles into account.
Metal Chasing and Engraving
ancient times, the largest cities in Uzbekistan - Bukhara, Tashkent, Samarkand
and Khiva, have been the centers for copper engraving based on traditional methods.
Each region has specific shapes and designs. The most popular items of this art
are jugs, teapots, and trays, and lately, washstands, band basins, buckets and
large bowls. Copper embossed items were highly valued formerly and they are very
popular today too.
Art Embroidery, Weaving
of the most popular trends of applied arts in Uzbekistan is embroidery. Several
places in Uzbekistan recognized for their embroidery are Nuratin, Samarkand, Bukhara,
Shakhrisabz, Surkhandarya, Tashkent, Jizzakh, and Ferghana. Each school is distinguished
by its unique aspects such as ornamentation, composition, and color range and
stitching. The traditional art of embroidery is still alive among Uzbek people.
Embroidered cloths are widely produced in Bukhara, Shakhrisabz and Tashkent plants.
Gold embroidery is the finest kind of embroidery. This craft has always been applied
in Bukhara. The other ancient craft in Uzbekistan is weaving. Its richest historical
traditions have stayed with us hitherto. Cotton fabrics and silks were in high
demand everywhere all over Central Asia.
The mystery of making these invaluable
cloths was unraveled here long before the Great Silk Road was established. The
art of weaving still exists in Ferghana valley and, doubtlessly, handcrafted cloth
is still preferred to factory woven fabric.